Quatrième Session: Législations

Présidents: Eric Gerard Georges BERTHERAT & Jamal DEJLI
Rapporteurs: Halima BESSI & Mohammed MERZOUKI


Conférence de David C. MANESS


UN Security Council Resolution 1540

This presentation provides an update on implementation of UN Security Council (UNSCR) 1540, and outline of progress, and suggested strategies for Near Eastern and African states. In April 2004, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1540, establishing for the first time binding obligations on all UN Member States under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. UNSCR 1540 obligates all Member States to make and enforce effective measures against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their means of delivery, and related materials. If implemented successfully, each state's actions will significantly strengthen the international standards to prevent terrorists from gaining access to WMD. All states have three primary obligations under UNSCR 1540, to 1) prohibit support to non-state actors seeking WMD, 2) adopt and enforce effective laws prohibiting the proliferation of WMD to non-state actors, and 3) enforce effective measures to control WMD, their means of delivery, related materials, funding, and contributing services. UNSCR 1540 has been emphasized in three subsequent Security Council resolutions, 1673 (2006), 1810 (2008), and 1977 (2011). This last resolution extended the mandate of the Committee until 2021. To date, progress in implementing UNSCR 1540 has been slow, but steady. Many governmental and non-governmental organizations have been actively working for effective implementation. UNSCR has gained broad recognition. Workshops and other supporting events occur frequently, and will continue. Progress is overseen by the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1540. Morocco sits as a non-permanent member of the Committee. There is widespread agreement with the goals and intent of UNSCR 1540. Joint regional efforts are a good example for cooperation within the international community. Most importantly, the words of the resolution still need to be turned into practical action. This is a long-term undertaking by all UN Member States. There are many challenges to implementing UNSCR 1540. Those include competing national priorities, resource constraints, bureaucratic capacity, and political will at the national level. Benefits to implementing UNSCR 1540 include enhanced national sovereignty, trade facilitation, protection of public health, and increased protection from illegal trafficking of illegal weapons and narcotics. Implementing UNSCR 1540 serves as proof of a state's commitment to its international obligations. Four things a government can do to implement UNSCR 1540 are 1) designate a national point of contact, 2) develop a national action plan that involves all relevant ministries, 3) work with regional organizations and the Committee, and 4) consider inviting a visit from the Committee.

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Conférence de Yasemin BALCI

Yasemin BALCI

National Implementation Measures for the Biological Weapons Convention Yasemin BALCI

The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) obliges each state party, in accordance with its constitutional processes, to take any necessary measures to prohibit and prevent the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition or retention of biological weapons. In order to give effect to the BWC, states have to adopt penal, export control and enforcement measures. They also have to adopt biosafety and biosecurity measures, such as legislation on the accounting for and security of production, use, storage and transport of particularly dangerous pathogens. Legislation can also include licensing procedures, safety and security measures for laboratories and genetic engineering regulations. Through its National Implementation Measures (NIM) Programme, VERTIC offers assistance with legislative drafting for BWC obligations. VERTIC assesses the comprehensiveness of existing national measures, identifies gaps, and proposes approaches to fully implement the BWC.

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Galerie Photos de la Quatrième Session

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Réunion Préliminaire / Kickoff meeting - OUMLIL HOTEL | Session Inaugurale | Deuxième Session: Biosécurité et Bioéthique | Troisième Session: Biosûreté et Double Usage | Quatrième Session: Législations | Cinquième Session: Table Ronde |
La Déclaration de Rabat | Rapports de sessions | Clôture et Recommandations générales | Presse et réactions |
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