Troisième Session: Biosûreté et Double Usage

Présidents: Saâd EL KABBAJ & Maureen ELLIS
Rapporteurs: Hafida HANINE & Tayeb KOUSSA


Conférence de Alastair Watt Macintyre HAY

Alastair Watt Macintyre HAY

« Research and choices: what would you choose? »

The training which science researchers receive provides them with skills which are, in general, put to good use. Most scientists embark on a research career with the aim of using their skills to help society. But at different stages in their career researchers will be faced with choices about a route to follow. This talk is aimed at young researchers and uses an interactive teaching format to pose a number of difficult research choices; the audience will be invited to make some decisions based on the problems presented.

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Conférence de Jamal DEJLI


«Detection and identification of biological warfare agents in a field setting »

Forward Deployable Preventive Medicine Units (FDPMUs) are an advanced infectious disease laboratory which provided a theater-wide reference diagnostic capability. These units are primary manned from the Navy Environmental and preventive medicine Units (NEPMUs) and composed of highly trained personnel consisting of preventive medicine, and occupational and environmental health scientists, microbiologists, epidemiologists, medical laboratory and preventive medicine technicians. FDPMUs support missions which include the traditional front line force health protection support to U.S. and coalition forces directly involved in operational missions. In addition, these units have been called upon to support humanitarian efforts. Most recently these have included the 2003 earthquake relief efforts in Pakistan, the 2005 tsunami relief efforts in Indonesia, follow-on preventive medicine services to the U.S. Gulf Coast Region in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and lately, the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. In term of biosafety and biosecurity, the primary mission of the NEPMU/FDPMU laboratory is to provide rapid positive identification and diagnostic confirmation of Biological Warfare (BW) Agents and other pathogens of medical importance. In this presentation we will discuss the management of BW threats in a field setting. The detection and identification of biological threat agents combining simple and state of the-art-technology procedures will be described along with the logistics of collecting, processing and shipping of samples suspected of harboring BW agents.

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Conférence de Sanaâ LEMRISS & Ghita ESSOUDY MOURRY


«Hygiene control and safety in laboratories level 2 and 3 : Experience of LRAM »

Hygiene and biosafety policies in LRAM are ensured by the implementation of preventive acts in order to protect personnel health and the environment, in accordance with the national and international requirements. This control of hygiene and biosafety, is implemented through many ways: -Through physical and technical measures such as the layout and the conception of premises and equipments (PSM, isolation, ...). These measures meet the requirements of biological agents handling. Thus, all the LRAM rooms are categorized, as appropriate, in two levels of containment: 2 and 3. -Through operational measures which are consistently applied and correspond to the good work practices, and meet the requirements for personnel and environment protection. This builds on the training and information of the staff, combined with a specialized medical surveillance associated with prophylactic vaccination and good hygiene practices. -And finally, through organizational measures by the assessment of the risk related to potential hazards. It consists to identify and prioritize the risks (biological, chemical, physical) for the lab staff.

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Conférence de Idriss LAHLOU AMINE


«Diagnosis of emerging infectious diseases in the Biosafety Level 3 Laboratory of the Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital, Rabat»

The biosafety level 3 (BSL-3) laboratory of the Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital is based in Rabat and belongs to the biosafety laboratories national network. The main scientific missions are the diagnosis of emerging infectious diseases and the detection and identification of biological risk agents. Among the diagnostic tools, molecular methods (real-time PCR, conventional PCR) are used because of their rapidity, sensitivity and specificity. Learned experiences concern: - Respiratory viruses with pandemic potential and the participation of the laboratory to the molecular diagnosis of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 (collection of nasopharyngeal specimens with the swab technique, viral RNA extraction, implementation of real time RT-PCR and interpretation of results). - Emerging arboviruses: indeed, Morocco has reported three outbreaks of West Nile Virus (WNV) among horses in 1996, 2003 and 2010, but only one human infection case was reported in 1996. So far, there were few published data on WNV infection in our country. For these reasons, seroprevalence surveys of WNV infection in humans were conducted in collaboration with Biopharma Company of Rabat. Moreover, an expertise in molecular diagnosis of emerging antibiotic resistance is also developed, particularly those related to production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases or carbapenemases by nosocomial or community Enterobacteriaceae. The results of these studies and development prospects of the BSL-3 laboratory technical platform are presented.

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Galerie Photos de la Troisième Session

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Réunion Préliminaire / Kickoff meeting - OUMLIL HOTEL | Session Inaugurale | Deuxième Session: Biosécurité et Bioéthique | Troisième Session: Biosûreté et Double Usage | Quatrième Session: Législations | Cinquième Session: Table Ronde |
La Déclaration de Rabat | Rapports de sessions | Clôture et Recommandations générales | Presse et réactions |
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