Deuxième Session: Biosécurité etBioéthique

Présidents: Wail BENJELLOUN & Saaïd AMZAZI
Rapporteurs: Fatima LAMCHOURI & Jamal IBIJBIJEN


Présentation par Mr Saaid AMZAZI, Doyen de la Faculté des Sciences de Rabat

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Conférence de Tatyana NOVOSSIOLOVA


The Creation of Contagious H5N1 Influenza Virus: Implications for Awareness-Raising and Education of Life Scientists

According to the World Health Organisation, to date, the Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1) has been lethal in 355 out of 602 laboratory confirmed cases of human infection but sustained human?to?human transmission has not been registered. Then in late 2011 it was reported that life scientists in the Netherlands and the United States had shown how the H5N1 could be made contagious through the air in mammals. This has spurred a wide?ranging debate about the risk and benefits of such research and whether and how the results of the studies should be publicly disseminated. The paper contends that the ongoing controversy surrounding the H5N1 experiments has already exposed the severe limitations of the possibility of preventing the hostile misuse of the life sciences by dint of oversight of proposals and publications, as envisioned by the Fink Report. It further argues that in order to prevent the potential wholesale militarisation of the life sciences, it is essential that life scientists become aware of their responsibilities within the context of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) and actively contribute their expertise to strengthening the biological weapons non?proliferation regime.

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Conférence de Maureen ELLIS

Maureen ELLIS

The IFBA Certification Program: Ensuring Quality Biorisk Management through Certification of Professionals

Over the past year, the International Federation of Biosafety Association's (IFBA) Biosafety Professional Recognition Working Group has dedicated considerable effort to evaluating the need for credible and harmonized systems of qualifying individuals who carry out biorisk management programs or biorisk management services. Having qualified personnel engaged in implementing biosafety and biosecurity, including formal training and certification, is probably the greatest single factor affecting the quality of biorisk management programs worldwide. Unfortunately, there is no internationally accepted system that can evaluate the qualifications of these various professionals in many different technical specialities. As a result, the level of professional competency in the international community is widely divergent: both well qualified and severely under qualified individuals have responsibilities for managing biological risks. The most effective way to reduce this risk is to create an internationally accepted system for certifying biorisk management professionals – from facility biosafety and biosecurity officials to biosafety and biosecurity consultants, to providers of biosafety and biosecurity services and equipment. To address this need, the IFBA is developing a new international certification program for biorisk management professionals that would complement and supplement existing overarching national credentialing programs such as ABSA's RBP and CBSP designations. This new international program creates a certification scheme that establishes a variety of technical competencies (e.g. biorisk management, risk assessment, decontamination, biosafety cabinets, lab planning & design) and training competencies. Each technical competency would provide for graduated levels of certification allowing a professional to advance his/her expertise and qualifications throughout their career (apprentice, practitioner, master practitioner). Facility biosafety professionals could have many low-level IFBA certifications, across many different technical competencies, depending on the needs of their institution and position. A biosafety consultant or employee of a company that provides specialized services or equipment to the bioscience industry may have a very high-level IFBA certification in only one area. The end result will be a graduated system of professional capabilities and services in a variety of technical biorisk management disciplines that will significantly enhance the practice of biorisk management internationally.

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Conférence de Eric Gerard Georges BERTHERAT

Eric Gerard Georges BERTHERAT

Plague in Maghreb: biosafety and biosecurity challenges

Maghreb was no longer considered an endemic area for plague. Recent human plague clusters occurred in Algeria and Libya. These clusters have been sporadic and limited but they were the occasion to confirm that natural plague foci still existed and for some of them at a short distance of international ports. Beyond the risk on public health and international trade, these events raised the issue of the persistence in the region of a large focus or several limited natural foci which have been quiescent for decades and remain capable of reemergence. In the absence of ecological investigations, it is impossible to predict where this could happen again but countries like Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt, which reported human cases until the 50's, could also face to similar events. When a plague human case occurs in a region which has been recently hit by several severe political crisis, the lack of risk assessment lets the door open to any kinds of interpretation, including accidental or deliberate releases, and subsequent manipulation. Therefore it is of first importance to set up at national and regional levels the conditions for a rapid and reliable identification of the plague bacillus. In this perspective, rapid diagnostic tests represent a real step forward to sound the alert and to support the field investigation, however reference techniques remain a must in case of emergence. Implementation of these techniques involves the collection of dangerous specimens, their transportation and transfer, their storage and analysis which are all sources of concerns in terms of biosafety and biosecurity. Awareness and capacity building of health professionals are essential. This can be supported through international collaboration, including with other endemic countries.

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Conférence de Mr Giulio M MANCINI & Mohammed BENBOUIDA


Promotion of awareness on biosecurity in Moroccan Universities Findings from a project by AMBS and LNCV

A cooperative project between LNCV and the AMBS was carried in 2010-2011 and aimed to investigate, discuss and promote awareness and education on biosecurity and dual use issues in the life sciences, among the Moroccan academic scientific community. The project included a survey, realized thanks to the cooperation of the AMBS focal points in the universities in Morocco, of a sample of over 200 professors from life sciences and technologies and elicited understandings on the current educational offerings, levels of awareness, opinions and attitudes regarding biosecurity and dual use issues. The project also aimed to engage the academic scientific communities in discussing and designing possible strategies to promote education and awareness, mainly through the organization of a dedicated Workshop; these discussions touched upon issues such as contents and formats of education, eatures of possible educational materials, but also terminology, language and how to transpone international experience into relevant training programmes in Morocco.

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Galerie Photos de la Deuxième Session

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Réunion Préliminaire / Kickoff meeting - OUMLIL HOTEL | Session Inaugurale | Deuxième Session: Biosécurité et Bioéthique | Troisième Session: Biosûreté et Double Usage | Quatrième Session: Législations | Cinquième Session: Table Ronde |
La Déclaration de Rabat | Rapports de sessions | Clôture et Recommandations générales | Presse et réactions |
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